The Scrabble Factor The seven Hanukah ELSs appear within a 1,123 letter long section of text, which is somewhat smaller than the 1,584 letter long section that is crossed by all of the Isaiah 53 ELSs that are at least as significant as the Hanukah finds. So the two source texts are fairly comparable in size. In reality most of the Isaiah 53 cluster is concentrated in the last half of the 1,584 letter long section. For example, 57 of the 85 most improbable ELSs cross this latter section of text, which is only 700 letters long. A comparison of the sheer number of ELSs is only part of the story, however. What also counts is how likely or unlikely each ELS is to cross a section of text. The longer an ELS is, the more unlikely it is to appear by chance. And the shorter the skips between its letters, the more unlikely it is to show up coincidentally. Finally, whether the letters of the ELS are fairly common or uncommon also affects the chances it could just appear. Just as in Scrabble, where it is hard to compose a word with a Q or an X, so there are little used letters in Hebrew. And, as in Scrabble, where it is much harder to use all seven letters when composing a word, so seven-letter ELSs are much less common than three or four-letter ELSs. We have taken all these factors precisely into account in determining what the odds are that each ELS in both clusters could cross a randomly selected section of text that is exactly 1,000 letters long. They are presented below, with the most improbable ELSs shown first. As you can see, there are dozens of ELSs from the Isaiah 53 cluster that are each less likely to appear by chance than the most likely Hanukah ELS. What is immediately evident is that none of the Hanukah ELSs are all that unusual. On the other hand, there are four Isaiah 53 ELSs that each have odds less than 1 in 1 million of crossing a randomly selected 1,000-letter long text. None of the Hanukah ELSs are anywhere near as unusual as the top ranked Isaiah 53 ELSs. The most unlikely Hanukah ELS has odds of 1 in 453 of appearing by chance.

 By way of comparison, for the original "Yeshua is my name" ELS that Rambsel found with a skip of 40 or less, the odds that it will cross any randomly selected 1,000 letter long section from the Tanach, are 1 in 1,060. This makes it somewhat more improbable than the most improbable ELS in the Hanukah cluster. Excess Occurrences of the Mary ELS There are two unusual code entries in the above table. One entry in the purple section of the table states, "Mary ELS Appears 16 Times (Vs. 4.76 Expected By Chance)." We had looked for occurrences of the Hebrew word for Mary (Miriam) within Isaiah 52:12-54:3. While this short ELS was expected to show up 4.76 times within the text with skips of 1-50, it actually appeared 16 times. The odds of this occurring were less than 1 in 25,368, as shown in the above chart. To check this startling result, we scrambled the letters of Miriam and looked for each of these possible rearrangements as an ELS. None of the alternative "words" appear an unusual number of times. There really is no comparison. All of these other results fell well within the bell-shaped curve describing the number of times we would expect that the ELS would show up. On the other hand, the number of Mary ELSs was way off the charts, far to the right of the bell-shaped curve. Excess Occurrences of Prophecy/Guilt Offering ELS Crosses An ELS Cross occurs when the ELS appears with a short skip (such as 5 or less), and its middle letter coincides with the middle letter of another ELS of the same word with a longer skip (e.g., up to 100). What follows is an example using the Hebrew word, A-Shem, OZA, or Alef-Sheen-Mem.

Code Skeptics' Arguments Trashed

Ever since the first Bible codes were announced, skeptics have been saying, "Oh, well, you can also find codes like that in books like War and Peace and Moby Dick."

We took the time to examine this notion and the best example of it that the skeptics have been able to come up with. The results of our research have completely blown away their theory.