Batting 1.000:
An Example of Undeniable ELS Underscoring


What is truly astonishing is that every one of the 35 letters of the top five King David ELSs appears in an unambiguous David verse (type D, 1D, K or 1K). As documented in the Technical Addendum to this article, the odds of this happening by chance are 1 in 200,000,000.

To get a visual idea of how extremely unusual it is for all 35 letters to appear in David verses, the following graph provides a comparison of how often different total numbers of letters appeared in David verses in a computer simulation of 1,000,000 trials involving random placement of five King David ELSs.

What the graph shows is that in 178,003 trials out of 1 million, not a single one of the 35 letters appeared in a David verse. This is not surprising since over 70% of the text of the Old Testament does not contain any, or only very infrequent (e.g., less than 1.5% of the verses) mention of David.

For more than 90% of the 1 million trials (912,121), fewer than 10 of the 35 letters in the five King David ELSs with the five shortest skips appeared in a David verse. On average only 4.07 of the 35 letters appeared in David verses. In only 1,117 of the 1 million trials did 20 or more of the 35 letters appear in a David verse. And in only 9 of those trials did 27 or more of the 35 letters show up in a David verse. Not once in 1 million trials did more than 30 letters appear in David verses. Batting a thousand (i.e., 35 out of 35) is by any definition an extremely unlikely event. And yet that is what happens in the Old Testament.

The significance of such calculated odds is further supported by some interesting anecdotal observations:

  • A 29 letter-long code surrounds the 73 skip occurrence of the King David code. It reads, “Bow the palm, Master of King David. Where is my light and the holy ghost of God?” Fully 27 of the 29 letters of this ELS appear in David verses (19 D’s, 6 K’s, 1 1D and 1 1K). In the text it is clear there is a “Master of King David.” It is Saul.

  • A 21 letter-long code surrounds the 1,095 skip occurrence of the King David code, and it reads, “What is present? From whom in him is he King David?” One of the letters of this lengthy code appears in the key verse (the exact word where the letter appears is shown in bold italics and highlighted in yellow below) where David is introduced as the future king of Israel:

    Jesse had seven of his sons pass before Samuel, but Samuel said to him, “The LORD has not chosen these.” So he asked Jesse, “Are these all the sons you have?”

    “There is still the youngest,” Jesse answered, “but he is tending the sheep.”
    Samuel said, “Send for him; we will not sit down until he arrives.”

    So he sent and had him brought in. He was ruddy, with a fine appearance and handsome features.

    Then the LORD said, “Rise and anoint him. he is the one.”

    So Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the presence of his brothers, and from that day on the Spirit of the LORD came upon David in power.

The first six letters of this 21 letter ELS appear in verses just before David is introduced. After his introduction, every one of the 15 remaining verses is a David verse (9 D’s, 2 K’s, 2 1D’s, and 2 1K’s).

  • The ELSs with the 7th, 8th and 9th shortest skips were also direct hits on David passages. So 8 out of 10 of the ELSs with the shortest skips appear in “David” texts.


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