The Unexpected Effects of
Letter Differences on Codes

There are 14 letter differences between the Hebrew texts used for code searches by CodeFinder and by Keys to the Bible (Keys). The Hebrew Old Testament (Tanakh) used in Keys and Bible Codes 2000 is the latest version from the Koren researchers in Jerusalem. CodeFinder uses the text from the printed version of The Jerusalem Bible.

In the past, some code skeptics have argued that the existence of such differences invalidates the possible existence of Bible codes. In our view, this is an extreme position unsupported by either investigation or evidence. To be sure, a letter difference can result in significant effects on existing Bible codes. BCD carried an article on the various types of letter differences and their effects in the August 2000 issue.

In this issue, we present yet another article illustrating the effects of the insertion of a single letter on a simple example for an English text.

In yet another BCD article, we reported on the specific effects of a letter difference in Isaiah 53:5 on the previously presented code from Keys:

Gushing from above, Jesus is my mighty name,
and the clouds rejoiced.

While skeptic Brendan McKay had asserted that this letter difference totally invalidated our code finding, we took his claim as a challenge to actually investigate the real effects (versus jumping to a conclusion one way or the other). The above code, when researched in CodeFinder, turned out to be 40 letters long (versus 22 letters from Keys). The entire code from CodeFinder was:

Gushing from above, Jesus is my mighty name,
and my clouds rejoiced. Where? At the mountain, said Levi.
Their light came. God is in it.

In a separate article, we surveyed a dozen ways that this longer code paralleled Gospel accounts of the transfiguration of Christ. We were quite startled by this. It was as if the letter difference was like a wormhole, phenomenon from physics which would allow matter to "travel" from one mouth of the wormhole to the other by passing through the throat.

Photo from

In the case of Bible codes, a single ELS would crawl through the wormhole and continue in a distinctly different string of letters, as illustrated in The Effects of a Letter Insertion.

More recently, we performed the searches in CodeFinder and sent the extensions to one of our Hebrew experts, Nathan Jacobi, Ph.D., and here are the results.

Previously Found in Keys

And command that we skip everything but the gem of ascension. (Skip = -158)

Found in CodeFinder

And command that we skip everything but the gem of ascension; my disease has been very grave. (Skip = -158)

Previously Found in Keys

Resurrection of Yeshu (Skip = -4,731)

Found in CodeFinder

The sea, her mother's echo, and the resurrection of Jesus, have all risen and happened. But will he wait. (Skip = -4,731)

In summary, the three codes investigated so far have yielded these differences in the length of the final ELS discovered:

One might think from these examples that codes from CodeFinder would always be longer. However, this is an extremely small sample, and it is only the result of the start of an investigation of this question. In addition, there is a bias in the codes selected. Each of these codes either started or ended right at the letter difference in Isaiah 53:5. So the codes from Keys had only two ways to go when researched in CodeFinder: (1) stay the same, since nothing new could be found; or (2) become longer. The option of becoming shorter was precluded because of the way the candidate codes were selected.

What is striking from this small sample is the significant difference in the length of the final codes when a different text is used. These findings clearly illustrate that:

  1. Letter differences can have a major impact on codes, calling into question the reliability of the content of any individual code.

  2. By having a major impact, letter differences create opportunities for an encoder to significantly increase the total amount encoded, if codes from both search texts are acceptable.

Rather than jumping to any conclusion, we leave these possibilities as a matter for future investigation by expanding the number of codes examined using both texts.

Enjoy finding your own Bible codes.
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